How to Live Stream a Church Event Over 3G / 4G in the UK

Update (26/5/15) I have found a solution that is rock solid – see bottom of the page for details.
The Church that I’m part of has national events every couple of months for people from all around the country. It isn’t practical for everyone to travel long distances so I looked into ways of doing a video live stream of the event so they can watch from home.
After 6 months of frustration I found a setup that works in both remote locations and city centres. There might be someone out there who wants to know so here’s what works for me – the details of the parts I use are at the end of this post.

Livestreaming from

Successfully live streaming a Church event inside a marquee, in a field, in the middle of the English countryside.

Testing

We already do IMAG (3 video camera mix) so what I needed to do was take a feed from the BlackMagic ATEM mixer and broadcast it online. Our events are often in unusual locations – a tent in a field in the countryside, on Trafalgar Square, in sports halls – so a stable broadband connection isn’t possible. I first tried streaming with a 3G router and PC software (using a HDMI capture card) and it would cut out frequently. You have to bear in mind that the congregation will all have mobile phones and if you’re in a remote location this can overload the 3G cell tower you’re connected to and cause unstable 3G dropouts.

Using the PC software also led to complications – you have to keep the PC updated, it can crash, takes up a lot of room, not very energy efficient etc. So I found a small piece of hardware called the LiveStream Broadcaster that does all the encoding and uploading. This ties you into the LiveStream service but the end user interface is professional and wasn’t too expensive.

As 4G mobile connections were being rolled out across the country I checked to see where there is 4G coverage on EE’s map – and our marquee field was just in range of one of their 4G towers.

EE's 4G coverage checker - our event field was just in range.

EE’s 4G coverage checker – our event field was just in range.

I did a couple of tests with the Broadcaster and an unlocked 4G modem I got off eBay and it seemed to connect OK.

Testing the LiveStream Broadcaster and 4G dongle in the marquee field.

Testing the LiveStream Broadcaster and 4G dongle in the marquee field.

However using the Broadcaster’s USB slot for the 4G modem led to difficulties and it would sometimes reboot or not connect to EE. So I hunted around and found a 4G router that would take the USB dongle, and from there on I didn’t have any connection issues. Even when the marquee was filled with a thousand people (all probably connecting to one cell tower) there was no drop outs over 4G.

Insulation tape

Live streaming from Trafalgar Square in London. JVC GY-HM600 video camera with HDMI out to the LiveStream Broadcaster. The 4G router was held with insulation tape to the roof of the gazebo just above the camera. Very professional.

Final Solution

BlackMagic ATEM video mixer  ­->  HDMI 720p50 (audio embedded) ­ ->  Livestream Broadcaster  ­->  Ethernet  ­->  TP-­Link 4G router  ->  4G dongle

­ I chose the Adaptive Medium setting (678kbs at ­768 x 432) as this uses around 300MB an hour. This is the best setting for image clarity vs data usage. I could up the quality but the chances of dropouts are higher, and the data use increases.

The Jesus Army LiveStream page with the 5 events so far -

The Jesus Army LiveStream page with the 5 events we’ve held so far which are saved for repeat viewing.

Stats: So far we’ve had 6,600 views and 127 followers from the 5 events. People have accessed the video streams from 45 different countries.

Parts and Costing

  • EE 4G SIM + 6GB data (£17) ­ eBay
  • HUAWEI E398 4G USB dongle (£55) ­ eBay
JC router

A live stream from inside the Northampton Jesus Centre. Still haven’t got round to making the setup look tidy. That’s next years project.

There has been plenty of positive feedback about live streaming as people have been grateful to be able to watch the meetings and feel a part. It’s also helped many of our overseas friends and church members stay connected.

Update (26/5/15)
I have tried some new kit which has proved to be rock solid, even in remote areas with weaker 4G signal.

The 4G box in position in the marquee - with only one cable providing power and network

The 4G box in position up a pole in the marquee – with one cable providing both power and network.

I created a waterproof box that houses all the kit which can then be hoisted up in the air, and only needs one Cat5 cable back to the technical area. Inside the box is a dedicated 4G router which takes a full sized SIM card, and a POE splitter to power it. This has enabled me to put the 4G box right at the top of a marquee pole by pulley and rope and the signal strength is much better than at ground level.

Inside the box - a Dlink router, POE splitter, and securing points for the Cat5 cable.

Inside the box – a Dlink router with 4G aerials going down, a POE splitter, and securing points for the Cat5 cable. The electronics are held in place with velco to secure it and also reposition if need be. I custom drilled the holes for the cable and the aerials.

Revised Parts and Costing

  • Dlink 4G LTE DWR-921/B router with dedicated 4G aerials (£150)
  • Waterproof box (£30)
  • Grey Cat5 50m cable (£30)
  • TP-Link TL-POE150S Power injector (£23)
  • TP-Link TL-POE10R PoE splitter (£9)

I ran a whole weekend with this kit on a remote field in a marquee without any drop outs. That’s over 12 hours of streaming.

Over 3 1/2 hours running.

Over 3 1/2 hours running. The low bit rate was a black screen at this point when the meeting ended. It was running throughout at adaptive medium (600kbps average).

If you have any questions about the setup or details on how you’ve done it then please let me know in the comments below.

10 thoughts on “How to Live Stream a Church Event Over 3G / 4G in the UK

  1. Hi, Thanks for the write up. I’ve been planning the exact same setup for a sports event we’re running in July and it’s been nice to see my plan validated. I wonder if you had any stats from testing the upload speed of the EE 4G setup? Have you used it in their double speed area? Have you used any other networks Data Cards? Have you considered or had to use any additional aerials with the USB modem to improve connections? I have loads of questions and would love to pick your brain sometime if I get unstuck with any of the configuration.

    • Hiya Luke.
      I’ve found on EE that the upload is usually a fair bit quicker than the download speed. However it does vary depending where you are. In Northampton over the weekend I was getting 20 mbps upload – and I was streaming for about 5 hours a day. However it did drop out around every 2 hours which is slightly annoying but not a deal breaker.
      I’ve done streaming in Birmingham, Sheffield, and London and I’ve had no drop outs there so the double speed area seems to cope better with the bandwidth.
      I haven’t used any other data cards or 4G network as this kit seems to work for what we need it for. I would like to try an additional aerial with the 4G dongle for added stability but don’t really know where to look for that kinda kit to work with what I have.
      Hope that helps,
      James

  2. Hi James.

    Thanks for the write up and tips. I’m planning to do the same for my church and other live stream projects that I have in mind here in Bournemouth.

    In the last 8 months since when you first posted your comment, did you come up with a better solution for your live streaming?

    Are you still happy using all the equipment your mentioned before? Have you tried 1080p HD live stream? Same EE 4G setup as before (I’m just asking because 3 network seems now to offer better coverage and price in your area) and have you tried to use an additional aerial with the 4G dongle for added stability?

    • Hiya Eugenio,
      Yeah I’m still happy with what I’m using.
      It’s a Dlink 4G LTE DWR-921/B router which takes a SIM card and has antennas for the 4G signal. I don’t have drop outs on it though I haven’t upped the quality beyond adaptive medium (mainly due to bandwidth allowances on my EE 4G contract). I suspect that I could easily push it to 720p or beyond.
      The DLink router has two antennas so you could easily unscrew those and have stronger aerials if need be. I haven’t done so as I don’t have drop outs.
      The only difference I think is that rather than PAYG I now use a monthly contract on EE which costs £20 for 15GB, so it’s pretty reasonable.
      They have brought out a new Livestream box (https://livestream.com/broadcaster) with both pro and mini options and I think they have auto reconnect options should there be any drop outs.
      Hope that helps – any other questions please ask.

    • Hiya – we get between 40 – 50 people watching it simultaneously (sometimes higher or lower depending on the event), and around 500 – 1,000 views in total per meeting.
      Data is about 600mb for 2 hours streaming at the medium (600kbps) setting.

  3. Hi James,

    Thanks so much for your article. We’re doing a livestream event from central London and am wondering if we need the Livestream Broadcaster box as we’ll have fixed cameras wired to our black magic mini recorder. We’re using Wirecast to broadcast on YouTube Live from one laptop. Am I right in thinking your Livestream box is because you’re cameras are moving around? Does it add any upload capacity?

    Thanks,
    Meg

  4. Thanks i,m using sony MV1 camera to epiphan AVio capture box to OBS and the upload was killing the stream, your router will work nicely. I understand the splitter in the box to power the router, however
    Whats the other tplink injector for?

    • Hiya. The tplink injector adds power to the network cable and the splitter splits it into network and the power at the other end, in the box. It’s called POE (power over ethernet). Hope that helps.

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