How to Live Stream a Church Event Over 3G / 4G

The Church that I’m part of has national events every couple of months for people from all around the country. It isn’t practical for everyone to travel long distances so I looked into ways of doing a video live stream of the event so they can watch from home.
After 6 months of frustration I found a setup that works in both remote locations and city centres. There might be someone out there who wants to know so here’s what works for me – the details of the parts I use are at the end of this post.

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Successfully live streaming a Church event inside a marquee, in a field, in the middle of the English countryside.

Testing

We already do IMAG (3 video camera mix) so what I needed to do was take a feed from the BlackMagic ATEM mixer and broadcast it online. Our events are often in unusual locations – a tent in a field in the countryside, on Trafalgar Square, in sports halls – so a stable broadband connection isn’t possible. I first tried streaming with a 3G router and PC software (using a HDMI capture card) and it would cut out frequently. You have to bear in mind that the congregation will all have mobile phones and if you’re in a remote location this can overload the 3G cell tower you’re connected to and cause unstable 3G dropouts.

Using the PC software also led to complications – you have to keep the PC updated, it can crash, takes up a lot of room, not very energy efficient etc. So I found a small piece of hardware called the LiveStream Broadcaster that does all the encoding and uploading. This ties you into the LiveStream service but the end user interface is professional and wasn’t too expensive.

As 4G mobile connections were being rolled out across the country I checked to see where there is 4G coverage on EE’s map – and our marquee field was just in range of one of their 4G towers.

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EE’s 4G coverage checker – our event field was just in range.

I did a couple of tests with the Broadcaster and an unlocked 4G modem I got off eBay and it seemed to connect OK.

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Testing the LiveStream Broadcaster and 4G dongle in the marquee field.

However using the Broadcaster’s USB slot for the 4G modem led to difficulties and it would sometimes reboot or not connect to EE. So I hunted around and found a 4G router that would take the USB dongle, and from there on I didn’t have any connection issues. Even when the marquee was filled with a thousand people (all probably connecting to one cell tower) there was no drop outs over 4G.

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Live streaming from Trafalgar Square in London. JVC GY-HM600 video camera with HDMI out to the LiveStream Broadcaster. The 4G router was held with insulation tape to the roof of the gazebo just above the camera. Very professional.

Final Solution

BlackMagic ATEM video mixer  ­->  HDMI 720p50 (audio embedded) ­ ->  Livestream Broadcaster  ­->  Ethernet  ­->  TP-­Link 4G router  ->  4G dongle

­ I chose the Adaptive Medium setting (678kbs at ­768 x 432) as this uses around 300MB an hour. This is the best setting for image clarity vs data usage. I could up the quality but the chances of dropouts are higher, and the data use increases.

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The Jesus Army LiveStream page with the 5 events we’ve held so far which are saved for repeat viewing.

Stats: So far we’ve had 6,600 views and 127 followers from the 5 events. People have accessed the video streams from 45 different countries.

Parts and Costing

  • EE 4G SIM + 6GB data (£17) ­ eBay
  • HUAWEI E398 4G USB dongle (£55) ­ eBay
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A live stream from inside the Northampton Jesus Centre. Still haven’t got round to making the setup look tidy. That’s next years project.

There has been plenty of positive feedback about live streaming as people have been grateful to be able to watch the meetings and feel a part. It’s also helped many of our overseas friends and church members stay connected.
If you have any questions about the setup or details on how you’ve done it then please let me know in the comments below.

Creating A Song – He Is Stronger

 

Thursday Evening

Every Thursday eve, at our community house in Norwich, we have a big nosh-up. For quite a while our Thursday evenings lacked people. So we prayed. Now we have lots of people come; friends, family, work colleagues and the rest. Before we tuck in, I normally say a little word (like radio 4’s ‘Thought Of The Day) we sing a song and each week, someone is asked to wrap things up with a prayer before we eat.

It was during one of these lively evening meals that I turned to Ore (a regular attendee), five minutes before my thought for the day, and said.. “Lets make a song to sing in the next five minutes.” So we did. It went:

I’m getting rid of distractions,
looking to Jesus.
For He is stronger,
He is greater than the world.

He is stronger,
He is greater,
He’s the ruler of my heart (repeat)

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Jude, Mark and Ore

Jude happened to record the song on his phone:

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The tune was catchy and Ore said it reminded him of a Nigerian song he knew. After the meal, Ore and my sister Abigail helped to write a full on song with a middle eight and everything.

Whilst constructing the melody of the the song, Ab realised that some of the melodies were similar to other Jesus Fellowship songs. I said lets change it. In the end we didn’t change anything. There’s always going to be some other melody from somewhere that’s similar to the song you’re writing.

Don’t let your creativity be bullied by familiarity; If you do, they’ll be nothing of your originality left. Plus, people can relate to it more if they feel that they’ve heard it somewhere before.

We wanted the lyrics to be simple. We didn’t want to use any clever metaphors. There is nothing more powerful than the revelation of God’s love for us and the realisation that there is a completely different way to live.

Part of the finished product went like this:

C
I’m getting rid of distractions,
Am
looking to Jesus.
Dm-F
For He is stronger,
Dm-G
He is greater than the world (x2)

F
He is stronger,
C
He is greater,
G, F, Em, Dm, C – G
He’s the ruler of my heart.
Am
His name is Power,
F
Blessing And Honour.
G, F, Em, Dm, C – G
He’s the ruler of my Heart.

No words can express,
Nothing can compare,
To the love you’ve given us.
So free, So pure. 

Dm
Come,
F
Unblock our ears,
C

Uncover our eyes.
G
Reveal Your truth,
C

Set us Apart (repeat)

G
Set us apart…

 

We played the song in D-maj on a guitar that had been tuned down to the key of D. That means you’re still playing in C-maj. Just sounded nice really.

We decided to record the song Friday evening due to the fact that we’d spent quite a while constructing the song after the the Thursday meal.

Friday Evening

I set up the recording equipment in the lounge, stuck a sign on the door and hoped that people would read it before they ambled into the middle of a recording. Ideally you would want to record somewhere quiet but in community, that’s pretty difficult.

In the knowledge that I was recording three people (myself included) I would liked to have had each person with headphones listening to the timing of the song. Unfortunately I didn’t have enough inputs on my M-Audio interface. 

In the end, we each sat around my Behringer C-3 mic and did three different recordings. I listened to the timing of the song on Ableton that I had prepared earlier and played the guitar to help keep Ab and Ore in time.

Everything went to plan and all three recordings went perfectly.

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So this was the basic set up. Gather around one mic. One mic to rule them all

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The different pick up patterns: Fig 8, Cardioid & Omnidirectional

So why do three?
Because I’m not a mastering magician, I had to rely solely on my equipment to provide the warmest sound before I started mixing it.. We recorded three times on three different pick-up patterns that my condenser has.

  • Cardioid – This picks up sound waves that travel directly into the front of the condenser.
  • Omnidirectional – This is more for an ambient recording that has a spherical pick-up. Basically it picks up sound from every possible angle.
  • Figure Eight (or as my teacher calls it ‘The butt’) – picks up sound from both sides of the mic.

All of this was in order to create track that sounded like a dozen or so people were having a sing-song as opposed to three people.

Because I was utilising all of these different pickups, I wanted to limit the sound waves bouncing around the room. So I shut the curtains and threw a load of blankets over the piano. Poor piano.

The piano is full of strings and hammers that are full of tone, if you spoke near it your voice would hit these internal instruments and project and prolong that sound around the room. The blankets were placed to try and absorb most of the sound before it reached the highly sensitive strings and hammers and stuff. I’m boring you. Sorry.

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Piano covered up

Aaaaanyway. This is what the finished audio sounded like:

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La, la la la laaa

If you’re listening to this with anything other than your mobile phone, you’ll notice that there’s a strange high-pitched sound that coincides with the kick. This was because When I mixed down the track I was limited to what I could actually mix. This was all because I had to play the guitar on each of the recordings. I was also stamping my foot whilst playing to help keep the rhythm for the guys. This created the squeaky thump on the kick and it was so frustrating. Because the guitar was on all the recordings, I couldn’t EQ it out. There are many ways around this but the night was definitely not young and I had to have a track completed for Ab to take back with her the next day.  In the end I finished at 2:30am.

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Ab, Me and Ore. It’s late…

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When recording vocals I can select the high pass filter input on the mic. This cuts out any unwanted low end hum-drum.

Saturday (Mens Day)

Some of the lads from our community house called ‘Saving Faith’, went to a Jesus Fellowship meeting/seminar bash called ‘Mens Day’. I saw my older sibling Gideon aka Sunshine and  played the track on phone. He said to “stick it on Soundcloud init”. I said “OK”. Riveting stuff.

Sunday

After our morning meeting, the food and then the washing up, I decided to have another crack at recording the song. This time with a cleaner mix worthy of the critical internet people.

But not just because of that. Ahem.

I choose a room upstairs that had recently been vacated for the week and set up my recording gear. Ab had gone back to Northampton by this time so I made do with my younger sibling Esme. Of course Ore was around and he was more than happy to re-record.

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M-Audio Interface

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Midi keyboard

This time I found a split aux lead thing that could go into my interface and have two head phones attached. Wahoo! Esme and Ore wore the headphones while I looked at the visual cues on the laptop to help me know when to come in.

Yet again we did three recordings on the different pick up patterns which are called… ? Quick-fire test. If you failed, give me twenty. Pounds. Give me Twenty Pounds. I digress!

So we did the three recordings again but this without the guitar. NOW I was able to EQ the individual voices. I recorded the guitar separately. I also recorded myself singing the main bits and I also recorded one harmony.

This was all in aid to add width to the track. I wanted to include Abs vocals on the new version so I incorporated a harmony that she had done on the original. I also added in Ores harmony.

All in all, not including my lead vocals, there were 6 background vocal tracks. I panned all the tracks to the left and right outputs. This is what provided the width and punch.

I played some piano using a midi keyboard, stuck on some bass and spent a good few hours of  EQ nit-picking, decibel dropping and compressing.

I cleaned all the vocals up by dropping out the low end and allowing the high frequencies to come through. This made the track sound less muddy and allowed lower frequencies sounds such as the bass and the kick to push through.

I did some basic mastering by sticking some EQs, Compressors, Glue Compressor onto the master track.

Then I just thought. Like most people would:

“Pffft… that’ll do”

Making a Lyric Video – Take Me To The Edge

More and more people are using YouTube as their primary means of finding and listening to music, and lyric videos and covers are central to this growing culture. There are countless artists who’ve built up a following from nothing to millions just by posting simple videos on YouTube (e.g Walk Off The Earth, Daniela Andrade, Kurt Hugo Schneider, CDZA, Pentatonix; their latest videos may be very fancy but they all started very simple) and simple fan-made lyric videos can rack up squillions of views. The media’s changing and in our church’s creative department we want to move with the times.

Not that we’re deluded about the possibilities of overnight viral success but we decided a good place to start would be to turn some of the tracks we’ve published on our Jesus Army Soundcloud into YouTube lyric videos.

So we decided to kick off a new lyric video series by starting with our most popular track, giving it extra effort to make a good starting splash (pun intended). And so, ladies and gentlemen, here it is:

Take Me To The Edge lyrics

Developing a Concept

The song is all about following God’s adventure, going to ‘the edge’ where our maps run out and faith is compellingly vital. The song uses mountains, sea, fire and venture as metaphors so coming up with a basic concept was easy, but it was harder to write a tight storyboard without making it too direct in interpretation and therefore predictable.

To construct a loose storyboard I started with a printout of the lyrics. I listened to the track over and over, keeping my ears and imagination open to different things in the song each time: changes of mood, metaphors, scene-setting phrases and other images not used in the song that could express the song’s concepts. I also thought of what I wanted to express through the video while staying true to it’s core message, as every piece of art is a collaboration between artists, after all. The lyrics are voiced in a personal manner but I wanted the video to express brotherhood, of going on God’s adventure together.

That gave me plenty of ideas, images and progression plans which took a bit of working out to thread together, but in the end I was left with a list of about sixteen core shots I wanted to capture, some sketched, and many more ideas to work out on the ground.

Locations

Now I don’t know whether it would be honest to say we went to Wales to make a lyric video or whether it would be more accurate to say we made a lyric video so we could go to Wales! Anyhow, I knew we needed to go to Wales.

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Sam washing up at the campsite. It’s hard work making videos.

I looked up over twenty campsites across Wales and found one near Cadair Idris in South Snowdonia with pitches priced at £5/night (Owen Tyddyn Farm, if you’re interested). None of us had been up Cadair Idris before and being Wales’ ninth highest mountain it looked pretty stunning with clear steep slopes, a lake and good views so that sealed it.

On the way to Wales I realised we’d be staying on the other side of the mountain to a really quaint and friendly bunkhouse I’d visited last year in which I’d experienced an amazing God-incidence. That meant we were also very close to a set of caves and mines we’d stumbled across (fortunately not literally) by chance that same day while climbing a small mountain nearby.

Thursday 11th

After setting up camp and having lunch we took the drive to explore the cave I’d found, and it was splendid. I attached a GoPro to the bonnet to capture the journey there and that trip constituted most of my ‘scene setting’ filming, which you can see at the start of the video.

On the climb up the mountainside I used a handheld camcorder and the GoPro on a head-mount, which made for some interesting POV shots.

Here’s a pano of the cave I took during last year’s visit:

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The cave entrance was via a manmade tunnel at the base of a small waterfall on the mountainside, with part of the waterfall’s stream flowing through it. I entered the cave first so I could film the team’s reactions as they came out into the cavernous space, and that’s when disaster struck. As they were climbing through the tunnel I decided to hop over to the other side of the stream, I slipped, got a dead, bruised arm and the camcorder in my hand was completely submerged in the stream. For some reason the GoPro attached to my forehead also stopped working at that point although it didn’t even get slightly wet.

From then on we had to resort to using my phone’s camera, which although is HD and pretty decent for a phone still wasn’t wonderful for moviemaking, having a small iris, and being a phone. This was adventure after all, so setbacks were all part of it.

This year as we had more time than I did last year after exploring the ‘natural cathedral’, as I called it, we climbed back around the outside of the mountain and reentered on the floor of the space. Ian followed the stream down into deeper caves but when the stream plunged through a small hole into an even darker and wider space with a 50′ drop we thought we’d better not attempt to go further.

Back at the bus and as we still had time we decided to explore the other side of the valley as we could see some pretty big cavernous holes on the surface. We weren’t disappointed.

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Pano of the second cave taken from a hidden entrance just above half way up. It’s hard to judge the scale from this photo, but it’s huge.

Friday 12th

Friday was our biggest day. We had to tackle Cadair Idris with lunch on the peak then film something to do with water, somewhere. More on that in a bit.

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The lake nestled among the peaks.

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I think we picked the right mountain.

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Enjoying the view.

After lunch we decided to save time by taking a shortcut. Those words are usually said by other people telling how some unwise mountaineers got themselves killed, but we were here for adventure so caution wasn’t part of our plan.

The shortcut involved scree surfing, a sport I was new to but which came naturally. It’s a good way to test the ruggedness of your boots, trousers, hands, legs and behind and is not much different to sliding ungracefully down a tree while people throw sand and stones at you. I was still using my phone to film at this point.

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A well needed rest.

One massive bonus of our campsite was that they allowed campfires. As we wanted to express something of brotherhood a campfire was simply mandatory, and this would go very well with the darker shots taken in the caves and provide a calm backing to the bridge before the finalé, the big splash.

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Speaking of a big splash, during a Google Maps browse of the area beforehand I’d seen photos of a beautiful small lake surrounded by sheer cliffs. I didn’t make proper notes of where it was so we were extremely fortunate to find it, and not only that, to have it to ourselves and for the sky to be clear. It was stunning, and not too cold.

I knew the GoPro would be very useful for this part of the trip as it had a waterproof enclosure. I’d tried everything to make it work: left it on charge for ages, swapped batteries (and that’s about all you can do with a GoPro) but just before we headed out from the bus I decided to pray for it. It worked instantly! I don’t know why I hadn’t tried that before.

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It was a fun challenge filming on and in the water:

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My cameo role

Final Thoughts

Well we’d set out for an adventure and we weren’t disappointed. We’d asked God for help with the weather, arrangements and locations, and all of those worked out brilliantly. In some ways, though, if everything goes absolutely swimmingly it can be a bit boring, so I welcome the challenge of kit not working, of camping, travelling, mountain climbing etc. Incidentally, I left the camcorder in a tub of dry rice on the boiler for two weeks and it came back from the dead, works fine now.

An adventure’s only an adventure if you don’t know where you’re going. A planned route, comfortable journey and certain destination aren’t really important, what matters is why we’re going, who we’re with and who we’re following, who in our life’s adventure is Jesus.

Just don’t stay in bed.

 

You can listen to or download the track from Soundcloud for free: